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William Perry Pendley

William Perry Pendley: Junk Science From The Government? Wyoming Has Heard It Before

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By William Perry Pendley, columnist
Mr. Pendley, a Wyoming attorney, led the Bureau of Land Management in the Trump administration.

As of last weekend, Wyoming ranked 39th in percentage of population to receive the COVID-19 vaccine developed by President Trump’s Operation Warp Speed.  Everyone has his reasons, but if there is one rationale, it may be that we have been down this road in the past.

When Dr. Anthony S. Fauci and other “experts” appeared on the national scene, it was the first time for most Americans to be ordered what to do, how to behave, and the way to live by government bureaucrats.  

Thus, when Dr. Fauci said, early on, they should not wear masks and then weeks later said they had to wear masks, and even later recommended two or even three masks, if accompanied by goggles or eye shields, it made peoples’ heads spin.  

They all longed for the day when they would be vaccinated and could throw away masks, but Fauci kept it up, saying—even after being vaccinated—they had to wear masks, including when outside exercising—alone!  At some point, many concluded Fauci, et al. were making it all up and stopped listening.

We westerners got inoculated, if you will, to such nonsense from government “scientists” long ago, that is, when federal agencies and radical environmental groups started using the Endangered Species Act (ESA) to kill economic activity.  

Those with long memories recall how the snail darter nearly derailed the Tellico Dam in Tennessee, but Congress stepped in, carved out an exemption, and the project went forward.  Later, plenty of snail darters were found nearby and predicted ecological chaos was avoided.  There were no further exemptions, however, and westerners, as usual, paid the price.

Radical environmental groups, admitting their desire to stop timber harvesting in California, Oregon, and Washington, alleged that logging threatened the northern spotted owl’s survival and sued to stop harvesting.  

I faulted the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (FWS) for its failure to use science for its policy recommendations.  The highest-ranking agency official on the west coast responded he was using, not biological science, but political science.  

In the end, the late Jack Ward Thomas—the Dr. Fauci of northern spotted owls—was put in charge.  The question for those seeking to save jobs, local economies, and small towns was:  “How many owls assured the species’ survival?”  Dr. Thomas said there was no “magic number” so he made “moral judgments between the needs of owls and the needs of mankind.”

Long after tens of thousands of jobs were lost, communities all but abandoned, and services like local law enforcement ended throughout the region, the FWS admitted the northern spotted owl was at risk, not because of logging, but because of the barred owl, which preyed on its cousin.  The agency then set about killing the barred owl to save the northern spotted owl.

Likewise, grazing was shut down in Clark County, Nevada to save the desert tortoise, despite that the FWS knew the greatest threat to the desert tortoise was not slow-moving cattle whose use of the land symbiotically served the needs of the tortoise, but instead ravens that were exterminating the tortoise.  The agency had no stomach for killing ravens; therefore, cattle grazing had to go.

Meanwhile, in Wyoming, because of conservation efforts, the grizzly bear population expanded exponentially as did its range.  

Despite that it has a 99 percent likelihood of surviving for at least another 100 years—better odds than a motorist on I-80 in a blizzard between Laramie and Rawlins—radical green groups fight its removal from the ESA list disregarding the harm imposed on stockmen, hunters, and an occasional unfortunate backpacker.

Despite abundant science to the contrary regarding the uniqueness and vulnerability of the so-called Preble’s meadow jumping mouse, which all but shut down the I-25 corridor from Casper to Colorado Springs, the rodent remains on the ESA list.  

Furthermore, in Sublette County, notwithstanding robust conservation efforts and evidence of the greater sage-grouse’s resiliency, experts argued ongoing ranching and oil and gas operations had to stop to protect it.  Lawyering on my part, aided by expert testimony, helped prevent that disastrous outcome.

Knowledgeable observers argue persuasively that the FWS’s greatest deficiency is conflict of interest.  Its work is the product of “species cartels” afflicted with group think, confirmation bias, and a common desire to preserve the prestige, power, and appropriations of the agency that pays or employs them.  

For example, in one sage-grouse monograph, 41 percent of the authors were federal workers and the editor—a federal bureaucrat—authored one-third of the papers.  

Finally, too often the peer-reviewed, published “science” the FWS uses to make decisions has neither data nor computer codes available to the public.  When its data is available publicly but the agency’s results are not reproducible, at least the FWS and activist scientists can maintain the study was “peer reviewed” even though peer reviewers never saw the data either!

Although we pray the COVID-19 pandemic will soon be behind us and we can get back to normal—vaccinated or unvaccinated—Wyoming will continue to suffer at the hands of Dr. Fauci’s ilk in the FWS who try to tell us how to live our lives.

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Opinion: Not The Color Of Our Skin; Congress & Presidents (except Trump) Abdicated, So Only Hope Is SCOTUS

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By William Perry Pendley, columnist
Mr. Pendley, a Wyoming attorney, led the Bureau of Land Management for the Trump administration.

A few years ago in Casper, I sat in the memento-filled office of the late Mick McMurry, Vietnam Veteran, Midas-touch entrepreneur, and magnanimous philanthropist. 

As everyone in the “oil patch” knows, Mick discovered the Jonah Field—one of the largest gas province in the country—near Pinedale when he applied the decades old but not fully in its prime technology—hydraulic fracturing or fracking. 

He took some Bureau of Land Management (BLM) leases that had been worked over without promising results, hired the “best men I could find who knew a lot more about fracking than I did,” and set about—often operating a bulldozer himself—to change the world. 

The rest is history.  In 2019, for the first time since 1957, America became energy independent, which all the smartest people said was “impossible.”

Earlier, however, Mick and his father were in the highway construction business, albeit separately.  There was not a stretch of Wyoming highway that did not bear their imprint.  I asked Mick why he got out of that business; after all, he knew nothing about oil and gas.

“It was because of the issues involved in the case you took to the Supreme Court,” he said.  “The federal government was making it impossible for me to win contracts.”

The case was Adarand Constructors, Inc., which involved a family-owned business operated by Randy Pech out of Colorado Springs, challenging the constitutionality of the U.S. Department of Transportation’s awarding of federal highway contracts based on race. 

What made Mick McMurry an oilman, angered Randy Pech, and took me, first member of my family to finish elementary school, to the Supreme Court three times was long in coming.  Sadly, it is not over yet; in fact, it has gotten worse.

In 1964, Congress enacted the Civil Rights Act, but with a pledge.  The statute that sought to pay up on what Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. called the “promissory note” that was the Declaration of Independence would not result in racial quotas. 

Regrettably, thirteen years later, Congress enacted quotas in funding a public works act.  That was challenged, but in 1980, the Court, in a bifurcated opinion, upheld the law due to its limited scope and duration. 

That ruling opened the floodgates and federal, state, and local entities across the land adopted the same race-based quotas.  In 1989, a challenge to one such action by Richmond, Virginia, reach the Court, which ruled the quota unconstitutional.  Unfortunately, in 1990, the Court approved a federal agency using race to award radio broadcasting licenses.

In 1995, Adarand Constructors, Inc. reached the Court where the Department of Justice argued the Constitution’s equal protection guarantee did not apply to Congress. 

By 5-4, with Justice O’Connor writing the opinion, the Court disagreed, overturned its 1980 and 1990 precedents permitting racial discrimination, and declared “strict (often fatal) scrutiny” the standard for reviewing even purportedly benign racial discrimination, including by Congress. 

Justice Scalia wanted to declare what Congress was doing unconstitutional, but O’Connor—having changed the “ground rules”—wanted more fact-finding in the lower courts.

Congress had the opportunity in 1997 and 1998 to codify the Adarand ruling, but by bi-partisan agreement, both sides of the Hill “left it up to the courts.” 

In 2001, Adarand reached the Court its third and final time.  Clinton’s lawyers argued the case was ready for a ruling, but incoming Bush lawyers cleverly maintained it had outlived itself and was moot.  The Court agreed. 

It was the beginning of the end of applying the Court’s brave 1995 ruling in Adarand, although the precedent remains binding on all governments, including Congress.

In 2003, O’Connor demonstrated she had lost her way.  She switched sides at the urging of major corporations, bigwig retired generals, and university poohbahs and held that universities could grant admission based on race for another 25 years! 

Early the next term, over the dissent of Scalia and Chief Justice Rehnquist, the Court declined to hear a challenge by my client to a Denver program just like the Richmond one struck down in 1989.

Bush sought no changes in how race-based programs were enforced or challenged, but Obama went whole hog, most egregiously mandating using race to hire air traffic controllers, which I challenged.

President Trump saw all that differently; in fact, he ordered the settling of the air traffic controller lawsuit, but more importantly, he demanded his Justice Department join with Asian Americans in their challenge to decades of abuse by Harvard University of the Constitution’s equal protection guarantee.

Biden/Harris, of course, abandoned the Harvard case, but that was just the beginning of their government-wide effort—in response to systemic racism, they claim—to make race the determinative factor in every appointment, policy, and decision. 

Even that was not enough for radicals in Congress.  Two U.S. Senators declared they would vote for no more white males until more people of their preferred racial, gender, and sexual orientation groups are nominated for high positions. 

It goes without saying that, like the City of Richmond following the Court’s 1980 ruling, state and local governments, major corporations, and colleges and universities are following suit.  For example, doctors at Harvard, as part of their own mini-reparation effort, now provide health care based on race.

It is not just an east coast phenomenon.  The NBA’s Utah Jazz in Salt Lake City is awarding high school scholarships, not based on need, but on race—with the Governor’s full approval. 

Coca-Cola, whose products are ubiquitous, trained its employees to be “less white” and ordered its executives to work only with outside law firms that guarantee 15 percent of their billed hours are from African American attorneys. 

Meanwhile, United Airlines, Wyoming’s primary air carrier, proudly announced that it will hire pilots, not for their skills at aviating the “Friendly Skies,” but due to their race and gender.

None of this is legal, of course, but with Biden/Harris running things it will only get worse.  That is, unless and until the Supreme Court of the United States puts a stop to it.

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Pendley: You Can Keep Firefighters Out Of Harm’s Way As 80% Of All Wildfires Are Caused By Humans

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By William Perry Pendley*, columnist

It seems strange that, having emerged from a record-setting snowstorm and then a record-setting warm spell and now entering February-like temperatures in what passes for springtime in the Rocky Mountains, we are talking about wildfire. 

We must, however; after all, wildfire has become a near year-round feature of the West.  For example, a fire accidentally set by teenagers threatened homes in Gillette two weeks ago and at the same time three wildfires broke out in South Dakota’s Black Hills. 

Some of the West’s biggest wildfires are caused by lightning, like last year’s Pine Gulch fire north of the Bureau of Land Management’s (BLM’s) Robert F. Burford Headquarters in Grand Junction, which for a time was the largest in the Centennial State’s history. 

Regrettably, a full 80 percent of wildfires are human caused, including 2020’s Cameron Peak, at 208,663 acres, the largest ever in Colorado, and the subsequent Mullen fire that began in Wyoming and swept into Colorado consuming 176,878 acres.

Elsewhere in the West, there were more human-caused blazes on BLM lands in Nevada’s Clark County in 2020 than in the last four years combined!  Glenwood Canyon made national news last summer when Colorado shut down I-70 and all cross-country access through the state as a result of the human-caused Grizzly Creek fire.  Yet another human-caused blaze—the Indian Creek—in eastern Oregon consumed 50,000 acres and cost $3.4 million! 

It is not just that every human-caused fire is costly, dangerous, and inflicts damage that can last for years, it means fewer federal, state, tribal, and local firefighters are available to battle huge, naturally occurring fires.  Worst of all, they simply need not happen.  We westerners must both take care ourselves and urge visitors to do likewise.  It is basic stuff, but obviously, some of us are not paying attention.  

•           Vehicles – Ensure your engine, catalytic converter, and brakes and oil systems are in good working order; failures in these systems may emit sparks or fluids that burn.  Check your tires for undue wear; the metal rim of a blown tire might start a fire.  Ensure metal chains are secure; they will spark if dragged on the highway.  Finally, only pull off the side of the road onto a paved or hardpacked dirt surface, never onto dry weeds or grass.

•           Equipment – Clear a wide area around any welding, cutting, or grinding equipment that could throw a spark and perhaps restrict these activities to cooler morning hours.

•           Campfires – The U.S. Forest Service spent decades telling us how to enjoy campfires safely; follow its “Smokey the Bear” advice and, most importantly, ensure your fire is OUT. 

•           Outdoor burning – Obey restrictions—likely to be put in place this summer; get a local permit, if needed, and follow common sense precautions, such as having a water supply and shovel available.  

•           Fireworks – Recognize that fireworks, which are illegal to use on all public lands, cause hundreds of wildfires every year.  Use them safely elsewhere. 

•           Shooting – The BLM in the Trump administration supported the exercise of Second Amendment rights on land it manages, but we advised:  Place targets on dirt or gravel; shoot in areas free of dry vegetation; avoid shooting on hot, windy days; and never use steel core and solid copper ammunition or exploding targets.  

I was proud to lead the men and women of the BLM’s firefighting force.  Last year, they courageously fought, not just one of the most challenging wildfire years in the West’s history, but also the COVID-19 pandemic.  Fortunately, as a result of new protocols, they were able to do both without the loss of life to the virus. 

Sadly, we lost some firefighters while saving lives, property, and valuable natural resources.  After all, fighting wildfires is dangerous work.  Little wonder, across the West, on churches, in front yards, and along highways and roads, signs read: “Thank you firefighters,” “God bless our firefighters, and “Pray for our firefighters.”   

Given all that these brave men and women do for us, it is a small thing that we do something for them.  Ensuring our careless, heedless, or inattentive actions will not send them into harm’s way.    

Mr. Pendley, a Wyoming native, was deputy director for policy and programs of the Bureau of Land Management in the Trump administration. Follow him @Sagebrush_Rebel

Author, Sagebrush Rebel:  Reagan’s Battle With Environmental Extremists and Why It Matters Today (Regnery, 2013)

“Sagebrush Rebel is one of the most important, insightful, and inspirational books about Ronald Reagan’s domestic policies since An American Life by President Reagan himself.” — Edwin Meese, III, Reagan Attorney General

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William Perry Pendley: BLM Law Enforcement Officers Are Part of West’s ‘Thin Blue Line’

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By William Perry Pendley, guest columnist
Mr. Pendley, a Wyoming native, was Deputy Director, Policy and Programs, of the Bureau of Land Management during the Trump administration.

With rioting continuing in cities across the country, dangerous criminals and coyotes flooding across our southern border, and the Biden administration and Democrats questioning the loyalty of those who make up the thin blue line between anarchy and a civil society, I think daily of the law enforcement officers (LEOs) I led at the Bureau of Land Management (BLM).

Within days of arriving in July of 2019, I got an introduction to their often-dangerous jobs as I watched Secretary of the Interior David Bernhardt honor two Rangers for their brave and by-the-numbers response to a deadly encounter on a deserted mesa in western Colorado. Later, I saw their body-cam footage and marveled at their situational awareness, instantaneous response, and consummate professionalism.  

In my travels to BLM state, district, and field offices across the West, I got to know many of the BLM’s 212 Law Enforcement Rangers and 76 Special Agents, the men and women who protect visitors to, employees upon, and the valuable resources of the 245 million acres of surface estate for which they are responsible—one million acres each! 

Thus, they must keep in touch, work closely, and coordinate with fellow federal, state, and local law enforcement officers.  I watched as they joined state and local law enforcement in arresting dangerous suspects in Cortez, Colorado; responded to a request from a rural sheriff in Arizona to rescue a family stuck in freezing temperatures on a road to nowhere; and, teamed up in an all-hands-on-deck effort to locate a missing American Indian teenager in rural Montana. 

In early 2020, I addressed the Western States Sheriffs Association in Reno and closeted for hours with BLM Senior Agents in Charge to learn how to improve the professionalism, morale, and mutual trust and respect of the BLM law enforcement community.  I was eager for more one-on-one meetings with individual LEOs, but then COVID-19 hit our shores.

After the tragic death of George Floyd and the peaceful protests and then anarchist riots that followed, I knew I had to speak with them and answer their questions.  We did so in one of the BLM’s first “Town Hall” Zoom Meetings.  In part, I said:

We are experiencing a troubling time for our country and for our republican form of government.  The ability to freely and peacefully express our views is fundamental in our society, and our law enforcement officers play a huge role in protecting this right.  While many seek to exercise their rights peacefully, others are turning to unlawful activity.

We worry today, not just about the future of our country, which, over 200 years ago, replaced rule by men and tyrants with liberty and justice for all. 

We worry too about our families, friends, and loved ones, in cities large and small across this great country.  And, let us be candid, in your private moments, despite your training, wealth of muscle memory, and justified self-confidence, you may have your own worries as you watch the news every night.

Finally, I sought to put their minds at ease.  “Rest assured; I have your back.”

I was gratified by the responses I received.  One wrote, “‘I have your back.’  We have never heard that from a deputy director.”

Afterward, BLM’s LEOs distinguished themselves:  guarding COVID-19 quarantine sites, protecting monuments during the Fourth of July in Washington, D.C., and responding to calls for assistance from sheriffs across the West. 

Meanwhile, they safeguarded and rescued visitors, spotted and nabbed wrongdoers, and helped bring criminals to justice, all while being good neighbors to westerners and visitors.

As fiscal year 2020 drew to a close, I bulldogged a contract across the finish line to provide body-cameras for all BLM LEOs and a state-of-the-art system to store and access the data.  As the year ended, I had to stand up for the LEOs on one final, major, decades-old issue.

In 2002, the Inspector General (IG) for the Department of the Interior made a series of Department-wide recommendations regarding law enforcement, which the Secretary ordered adopted. 

Over the years, most were implemented.  One remained undone however:  placing all BLM LEOs in an exclusively law enforcement chain of command. 

This was not just the IG’s recommendation, but also the urging of law enforcement professionals for decades.  In fact, in 2020, the Department’s top LEO urged its application. 

BLM leadership stonewalled, adhering to a haphazard system where LEOs reported to non-LEO superiors with expertise in other fields—range management or petroleum engineering, e.g.—with only 24-hours of law enforcement study. 

Obviously, those managers lack a comprehensive understanding of law enforcement issues—constitutional, legal, and tactical.

Thus, in our final days, Bernhardt ordered and I implemented the IG’s recommendation.  Of course, leadership heads exploded; they were furious with their loss of authority, not to mention FTEs and budgets. 

Nonetheless, it was best for the LEOs, best for the BLM, and best for westerners who want those who make life and death decisions to be the best trained, best equipped, and reporting via a professional, expert, and knowledgeable chain of command.

That we had done the right thing became clear in the days before I left.  Four sheriffs from Utah drove to Grand Junction to thank me for ensuring their confidence in entering into law enforcement agreements with the BLM.  They said they spoke for sheriffs across the West.

Meanwhile, given the attacks on law enforcement by the media, the Biden administration, and Democrat politicians, I ask that, next time you see a Ranger, say “Howdy and thanks!”

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