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Teton Therapy: What Is Nerve Conduction Studies, Electromyography?

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What are Nerve Conduction Studies and Electromyography, and how can they help you if you’re suffering from pain?

The answers bear a striking similarity to an electrician’s work.  According to Teton Therapy Riverton Physical Therapist John Reddon, Nerve Conduction Studies are like examining an electrical wire: 

“If you think of your nerve like a basic wire, you have the wire on the inside and the rubber coating on the outside, the nerve conduction is testing that outer coating.  How fast is the signal traveling?  Is the signal getting stopped somewhere?”

Electromyography, on the other hand, goes to the deeper part of your body’s wiring: “The EMG is where we’re testing the inside part of the nerve, or the wire.  We’re checking for damage and looking to see: Is that nerve receiving a strong enough signal?  Is it activating the muscle in the way it’s supposed to be?”

So if you’re suffering from Carpal Tunnel or other nerve-related pain, call Teton Therapy.  Their clinics in Lander, Riverton, and Cheyenne offer both Nerve Conduction Studies and Electromyography – as well as a host of other diagnostic and treatment modalities – to help you discover and recover from the source of your pain.

Call today to see how Teton Therapy can help you with:

  • Shoulder Pain Relief
  • Back Pain
  • Neck Pain
  • Injuries
  • Hand & Wrist Pain
  • Hip Pain
  • Knee, Ankle & Foot Pain
  • Brain Injuries/Stroke Recovery
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Pediatric Therapy
  • Sports & Running Injuries
  • Cupping
  • Dry Needling
  • Diagnostic Ultrasound

…and so much more!

Teton Therapy Cheyenne WYIn Cheyenne,
604 E Carlson Ave, Suite #304
(307) 514-9999

Teton Therapy Riverton
In Riverton,
1406 W Main Street
(307) 857-7074

Teton Therapy Lander
In Lander,
425 Lincoln Street
(307) 332-2230

Or on the web at

SPONSORED CONTENT: Valentine’s Dinner At Hogadon Lodge

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Valentine’s Day is on Monday, February 14th. Spectra Venue Management at Hogadon Basin Lodge is pleased to announce that we will be hosting a special Valentine’s Dinner to celebrate. Enjoy panoramic views of Casper while you and your loved one dine on a flavorful meal.  

Doors and bar will open at 6:00 pm and the first course will begin at 6:30 pm. Reservations and advanced payment are required and seating availability is limited to allow for a more intimate atmosphere for attendees.  

Meal includes Coffee, Water, Iced Tea, or a choice of Pepsi fountain products. Appetizers will be Brown Sugar Cinnamon Bacon Wrapped Sausages, Watermelon Feta Skewers drizzled with Balsamic Glaze, and Chocolate Covered Strawberries. Dinner is Two Ricotta Cheese Stuffed Lasagna Rolls covered with a Three Meat Marinara Sauce and then Garnished with shredded Parmesan Cheese. Our Marinara Sauce contains Beef, Pork, and Veal. *Marinara sauce can be made without meats for a Vegetarian Option. The main course comes with a side of Fresh Sautéed Seasoned Whole Cremini Mushrooms, a Slice of Caprese Garlic Bread, and a Caesar Side Salad. Dessert will be Red Velvet Cake garnished with Fresh Blackberries and a Mint Leaf.  

Admission is $50 per person and includes appetizer, meal, dessert and a non-alcoholic beverage. A cash bar is available (accepting cash and credit payments). Reservations can be made online at and, at the SinclairTix Box Office at the Ford Wyoming Center, or by phone at 307-577-3030. 

Way-Back Wednesday: Can You Envision A Recluse Riding A Spotted Horse, Touring UCLA? We Can!

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Chances are that if you live in Wyoming there’s a rich history under the ground where you’re standing at any given moment. And  for certain if you travel just a few miles there’s a high likelihood you will see something that’s cool, interesting or even downright odd. It’s fun to notice things that others may miss, and it’s also nice to keep a notepad in the vehicle to scrawl a cryptic note for things to look up later online. Of course you can always ask Siri to do that for you so you aren’t ‘driving distracted’ while trying to make a note.

While we have all heard the horror stories of the extreme loyalty to following advice of GPS navigation, especially in less-than-ideal travel conditions, one of the greatest adventures anyone, local or visitor, can embark upon in Wyoming is to get off the beaten path and explore the backroads from time to time. A trip from one side of the state to the other affords opportunities to see things that make you wonder why you’ve never heard about it before. 

The beautiful landscape along historic Highway 14 provides what many in The Cowboy State may not have experienced yet. After all, the GPS is likely promoting a different route, with fewer bends and curves in the road. All things being equal, with no looming concerns for weather conditions or road closures, choose the scenic route

Buffalo is located in Johnson County, where northbound you will find Interstate 25 ends and I-90 begins. If you continue north of Buffalo on I-90, towards Sheridan, you will see Lake DeSmet just off the Interstate to the east. The lake is purported to be an eerie place, especially after dark, as legends of tragedy run deep. The lake is described in a travel guide as being in the wilderness in the northern part of Wyoming. Wilderness? Not exactly. Wholly visible from I-90 doesn’t really qualify as wilderness. 

But if you exit the Interstate at Buffalo and travel east on US 16 for about 16 miles, you will find the route merging with US 14 just inside Sheridan County at Ucross. US 14 in Wyoming runs east to west across the northern part of the state, connecting South Dakota on the east with Yellowstone National Park on the west. US 14 is mostly a two lane road except for several sections that it shares with Interstate 90. From Ucross to Spotted Horse, the beautiful loop has become a road less traveled that remains memorable. Ucross is the first town in what’s described as UCLA – encompassing the Wyoming areas of Ucross, Clearmont, Leiter and Arvada.

Traveling from Sheridan, US 14 moves eastward, joining with US 16 at Ucross. The road continues to Gillette where it joins again with Interstate 90. In 1981, the Ucross Foundation opened. A 20,000-acre artists retreat, the Foundation with a residency program that has hosted more than 1,300 artists, writers, and musicians. If Ucross sounds familiar but you can’t actually place it, well that makes sense if you’re a fan of the television series “Longmire.” Ucross is an unincorporated community along Piney Creek where author Craig Johnson has a log cabin. 

Ucross received its name from the Pratt and Ferris Cattle Company, whose logo had a U with a cross beneath it. The Pratt and Ferris Cattle Company was formed in 1879 by partners James Hervey Pratt, Marshall Field, Levi Leiter, Robert M. Fair, and Cornelius Ferris, with Pratt as the general manager of ranching operations. 

James Hervey Pratt was described as a frontier entrepreneur, rancher, farmer, land speculator, and freighter. Born in Plainfield, Massachusetts, in 1825, he participated in the Civil War as a quartermaster officer and returned to Hillsdale, Michigan in 1866, where he had resided before the war, and operated a flour mill.

In 1870 Pratt secured an appointment as post trader at Fort Randall, Dakota Territory. This appointment drew him into the Great Plains just when it was attracting many different kinds of businesses. During the Fort Randall years, Pratt became associated with Cornelius Ferris, the husband of Ermina (Pratt) Ferris, in the Pratt and Ferris Cattle Company to furnish beef to both the fort and the Red Cloud and Spotted Tail Indian agencies.

When the Sioux agencies were relocated to northwestern Nebraska, Pratt and Ferris sought a convenient location for moving their supplies to the agencies. They decided to form a freighting company and in 1875 located their headquarters at Sidney, Nebraska. Goods could be shipped to Sidney by Union Pacific, unloaded, and carried north to the agencies.

Pratt and Ferris, believed to have freighted the largest share of Indian annuity goods to the agencies in northwest Nebraska, had become the biggest outfit in Sidney’s Black Hills trade. In 1876 they shipped 9,230,560 pounds of freight and had 70 wagons with 550 animals. In 1877, in association with George H. Jewett, they organized the Sidney and Black Hills Transportation Company and entered the merchant and outfitting trade for miners and ranchers.

As the freighting boom was declining, Pratt and Ferris moved beyond freighting to a new opportunity: raising cattle. They brought Marshall Field and Levy Leitner, two of Chicago’s most prominent merchants and financiers, into their business and acquired vast land holdings in Nebraska, Wyoming, and Texas. This proved lucrative until the winter of 1886-87 brought savage blizzards, which bankrupted many cattle raisers on the northern Plains. 

Pratt and Ferris stayed in business. Pratt bought and sold tracts of land in scattered locations. Pratt and Ferris operated the Ucross Ranch on Clear Creek in Johnson County, along with the P.F. Ranch in Goshen County. Pratt’s grandsons Jerome Pratt Magee and Wayland W. Magee were involved in operations of the P.F. property.

In 1890, the year Wyoming attained statehood, the Pratt & Ferris Cattle Company controlled the valley where the town of Clearmont is located. Before Clearmont became a town in 1892, there was the town of Huson, complete with a cemetery, post office and local press. Huson ceased to exist in November 1892, just six months after its post office was established because the owners of the Burlington and Missouri Railroad Co. didn’t like a bend in the track, and chose instead Clearmont as the location for its new station. Clearmont was platted in 1892 and is said to have derived its name from the Clear Creek that flows nearby and the view of the Bighorn Mountains in the distance. 

Clearmont is just nine miles from Ucross and in the 2020 Census the population was reported to be 159. In fictional works, Clearmont is the location of the lead character’s ranch in the Colonial Radio Theatre old west drama series Powder River. The community is also featured in the book, “Spirit of the Owl” by Cynthia Vannoy and in her non-fiction book, “Seasons on a Ranch.” 

In the early 1900s, Clearmont was a major shipping point for cattle and became a terminal point in 1914. Farming and agriculture have been important to the region since its inception through the present day.  In the 1920s, a fire destroyed a row of buildings that included the Rock Hotel and Saloon, a meat market, and a popular confectionary store. 

The Clearmont Town Jail, built in 1922, is listed on the National Registry of Historic Places. In 1919 developers asked Clearmont’s Town Council to authorize construction of a jail. Town officials had become concerned by the growing transient and migrant farm worker populations and the need for law and order. The Town Council funded the construction of the jail in 1922. The Clearmont Jail is a solid steel and concrete structure with walls that are five-and-one-half inches thick. The jail was used frequently through the 1950s. It was thought that the jail was an effective deterrent to crime because it did not have any modern facilities. Prisoners were taken to a cafe to eat, and back at the jail they were given a can to serve as a toilet. It was used for the last time in 1961.

Today, the tiny, historic jail stands amidst the usual modern playground equipment in Clearmont’s municipal park, next to a swing set and beneath the town water tower. While a perfect place to stop the car and have a picnic there’s always the possibility that playground misbehavior could land offenders in the hoosegow!

Levi Zeigler (L.Z.) Leiter was the co-founder of the Field and Leiter dry goods business, which later became Marshall Field & Company. Leiter also made a fortune in Chicago real estate, becoming one of the single largest landowners in the city during its period of phenomenal growth in the late 19th century. 

From 1892 to 1898, L.Z.’s son Joseph was his agent. Joseph attempted to corner the wheat market from 1897 to 1898, and was briefly the largest individual holder of wheat in the history of the grain trade. His ‘corner’ was broken when competitors banded together in retaliation. L.Z. paid millions of dollars to settle son Joseph’s debts after the market crashed in 1898, with losses reputed to run to $10 million. Joseph later became president of the Zeigler Coal Company, Chicago, and of the Chicago, Zeigler and Gulf Railway Company; and a director of the American Security and Trust Company.

With the Clear Creek Valley an ideal place to raise wheat and other grains, storage became necessary, so three distinctive concrete ‘towers’ were erected of concrete to store harvested grain. You can still spot the towers today, standing tall and lonely along the highway. These concrete grain elevators were built by the LZ (Levi Ziegler) Leiter company, which owned many acres of prime farmland and down Clear Creek. The small town of Leiter bears his name, and there is a café, bar, and several motel cabins still in operation. The elevators are identical in size and structure. There is one between Leiter and Clearmont, at the extinct town of Big Corrals. Each tower is reported to hold some 29,000 bushels of grain.

The hulking towers were built between 1917 and 1920, as a task of monumental proportions. To build the grain elevators, forms were placed on the bottom, then jacked up, and cement was poured in to form the walls. You can still see lines in the concrete sides where the joints formed. The gravel for the concrete was hauled by wagon from Clear Creek, about a half a mile away. New Year’s Day, 1920 was a day for celebration as workers, who had to keep a coal stove at the bottom of the silo going full blast just to dry the concrete, put in the final layer.

Clearmont Area ranchers planted and harvested winter wheat, and sold it to Sheridan Flouring Mills and later Best Out West Flours.

When L.Z. Leiter died of heart disease at the Vanderbilt family cottage in Bar Harbor, Maine on June 9, 1904, his estate became the subject of eight years of litigation. After his death, his Washington, D.C. home, an elaborate mansion built adjacent to Dupont Circle in Washington, D.C., was used for parties hosted by his widow. During WWII, the mansion was leased to the U.S. Government for office space. The property was sold and the structure demolished in 1947. The site is now the location of the Dupont Hotel.

In 1927, Sheridan Flour Mills, Inc., purchased the elevators from the L.Z. Leiter estate. Later branded, Best Out West Flour and Tomahawk Feeds, it was well known throughout the United States during its heyday in 1934.

In 1974, due to the changes in freight rates for grain and flour, the mill in Sheridan couldn’t remain competitive in the changing marketplace so the operations were closed and the buildings and land were sold. Many ranchers responded by switching their operations strictly to livestock and re-seeding the wheat fields with a dry-land wheat grass optimized for grazing.

The historic 1920 Sheridan Mill still stands, but is now The Mill Inn Motel and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The other three concrete towers still stand along Highway 14-16, a mute reminder of Sheridan’ County’s diverse past.

Although the community of Leiter is unincorporated, it has a post office, with the ZIP code of 82837. Outlying ranching communities also had their own dancehalls, sometimes attached to bars and post offices, sometimes in separate buildings known as community halls. There were country dances in many communities, including Spotted Horse, Leiter and Arvada. Arvada was known for its Christmas dance, occurring on the night of December 25 when all ages gathered to participate. It was an opportunity to see and visit neighbors, engage in square dances, and the location provided a perfect setting for celebrations, ranging from wedding receptions to social events. 

Arvada is located on the west bank of the Powder River, roughly fifty miles northwest of Gillette. Between 1888 and 1891 there was a stage line that ran from Sundance to Buffalo, crossing the Powder River on a ferry boat at the future site of Arvada.  The town of Suggs, Wyoming, was established on the east bank of the river in 1891, and a post office opened September 14, 1891. Suggs was named for a local rancher.

Although the railroad had only reached Gillette at that point in time, railroad crews working on the Burlington and Missouri River Railroad, built a bridge across the Powder River at Suggs during the summer of 1892. This resulted in Suggs quickly becoming known as an “end of tracks town” with bars, brothels, and gambling establishments.

During the Johnson County War of 1892, a group of Buffalo Soldiers from Fort Robinson rode the train to Gillette and then marched to Suggs. It was three that black soldiers built “Camp Bettens” in spite of a hostile and racist local population. One black soldier was killed and two wounded in gun battles with locals in a fight known as the “Battle of Suggs.” Camp Bettens was built in mid-June 1892, but was abandoned by mid-November. 

When the railroad reached Suggs in 1892, railroad officials planned the new town of Arvada on the west bank of the Powder River, and Suggs was abandoned. The post office was moved from Suggs to Arvada on July 20, 1893.

With the area boasting deposits of coal at a shallow depth, local wells since the early days were known to produce natural gas in solution in the drinking water. The drinking water would catch on fire, and could be lit on fire.

In the first decade of the 21st century, Arvada was included by the United States Census Bureau in a census designated place which was then named for the town. In 2011, the US Postal Service proposed closing the Arvada post office along with 42 other Wyoming post offices.

While Arvada wraps up the ‘A’ in the UCLA tour in Sheridan County, it just wouldn’t be right not to mention Spotted Horse, located in Campbell County about 38 miles from Gillette. The unincorporated community of Spotted Horse reportedly has a population of two and it’s widely reported that Peter Fonda once broke down here on his motorcycle. 

“Old Spot,” a stuffed horse with a real hide, looks like a weather vane that’s been up-ended and strikes a pose next to a vintage Standard Oil sign, both located at the Spotted Horse Bar. Old Spot was originally frozen in a bucking position, mounted on a swivel so tourists could hop on for a picture that was sure to fool their friends at home.

Spotted Horse is on U.S. routes 14/16, at the head of Spotted Horse Creek, a tributary of the Powder River. The undeveloped Spotted Horse coalfield is situated to the north of town. The name is derived from a Native American. 

In 1811 the Astorian Expedition camped near the future Spotted Horse townsite in 1811. Pacific Fur Company base operations had been established at the mouth of the Columbia River in 1811, at Fort Astoria, present-day Astoria, Oregon. A party of Astorians returning overland to St. Louis in 1813 made the important discovery of the South Pass in Fremont County. This geographic feature would later be used by hundreds of thousands of settlers traveling over the Oregon, California, and Mormon routes, collectively called the Westward Expansion Trails.

By R. Merline Company – Scanned postcard, 1960 or before, Public Domain,

As for Spotted Horse, a small community lived at the site in the 19th century. Back around 1900, Solon and George Walker established a general store and post office. A.L. Pringle established the present bar as a store and gas station in the early 1920s. 

A school was also established in the 1920s. 

The dance hall was destroyed in a 1944 tornado and the school is now closed. Back in 1947 you could get 11 gallons of gasoline for $2.84 and in 1952 it was the perfect place for an inexpensive date, where a hamburger lunch for two was $2.50. Today, ranchers still come in for a bite and a drink, and tourists find Spotted Horse a charming place to take a break and snap photos to upload on social media. 

Meanwhile, a short 12 minute drive by car from Spotted Horse you’ll find Recluse, so named for its isolated location. Recluse is a small, unincorporated community in Campbell County with a post office that has been in operation at Recluse since 1924. 

The absence of light pollution makes stargazing one of the best things to do in tiny Recluse.

People who are known in the spotlight also seek refuge in Recluse. 38-year-old Samuel Robert Shaw is an American professional wrestler who lists his current residence as Recluse, Wyoming. He is currently signed to WWE, where he performs on the NXT brand under the ring name Dexter Lumis. He is a former member of The Way.

Shaw is also known for his work in Total Nonstop Action Wrestling under his real name, where he is a former TNA Gut Check winner. In addition, he competed in TNA’s then-developmental territory, Ohio Valley Wrestling, where he was a two time Southern Tag Team Champion.

Samantha De Martin, is an Australian professional wrestler, best known by the ring name Indi Hartwell. On August 17, 2021, Hartwell proposed to Lumis after the pair won a match on NXT, and Lumis accepted. The pair exchanged vows during one of the most unique weddings in WWE history on the September 14 edition of NXT. 

Hartwell is currently signed to WWE, performing on the NXT brand, and was a member of The Way. She is a former NXT Women’s Tag Team Champion, as well as a former WSW Women’s Champion and RCW Women’s Champion. After meteoric rises everywhere she’s been, it may only be a matter of time until Hartwell climbs to the top of WWE.

This page from Wyoming’s rich history has been presented by Mick Pryor, Edward Jones Financial Advisor. While we can’t change the past, a financial strategy for the future can be planned. If you have questions, concerns or are simply looking for a friendly advisor to discover your goals, discuss strategy and look to your financial future, contact Mick Pryor today.

Kindness Ranch: Pet of the Week

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Meet Trenton, a 2-year-old beagle who was recently retired from flea and tick research.

The research was non-invasive, and the Kindness Ranch does not expect any long term health issues or concerns. 

Trenton can be shy at first, and does take some time to warm up to the right person, but once he does, your lap may never be empty again!

Adoption fees are $150, but mention you saw it on Cowboy State Daily for a $50 discount. 

For more information about Trenton or other cats, beagles, pigs, or rabbits adoptable from the Kindness Ranch animal sanctuary, call (307) 735-4177 or email:

Therapy Thursday: Be One Of The 9%

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 Forget about becoming one of the 1%.  The real measure of success is being one of the 9%.

Studies have shown that only 9% of the public have kept their New Year’s resolution by the end of the year.  So what can you do to increase your chances of success?  The Physical and Occupational Therapy experts at Teton Therapy give their best tips to help you succeed in following your New Year’s resolutions.  Here’s how to dedicate yourself 100% to being a part of the 9%.  

If you’ve resolved to exercise more, but are finding it difficult to get started, Riverton Occupational Therapist and Teton Therapy CEO Jeff McMenamy says “set realistic expectations for frequency of exercise.”

“Start slow and work your way up.  For example:  Tell yourself ‘I will fit in physical activity three days a week,’ rather than ‘I will work out at the gym five times a week for 2 hours,’” 

For Cheyenne Physical Therapist Ben Larsen, success starts with selecting the fitness routine that’s right for you.  Simply, “if you enjoy the exercise program you’re doing, you’re more likely to do it.”

“Choose activities that you like.  Do you enjoy working out with other people?  Do you prefer doing your exercises at home?  Knowing what you like or do not like will greatly improve your ability to make and keep your workout schedule.”

Measurable feedback, by way of objective targets are Riverton Physical Therapist Sarah Flatt’s way of keeping a New Year’s resolution.  “Set small achievable goals that will enable you to achieve your overall end goal.”

“Seeing progress along the way helps with motivation.”

But, for Cheyenne Occupational Therapist Jacqui Vooge, motivation can be as simple as making the right choices: “You’ll never regret a workout, but you’ll regret skipping a workout.”

That motivation is “what I tell myself every morning when I am lying in bed trying to justify staying there!”

     Starting – and sticking to – an exercise plan can be as simple as doing what you like, setting simple goals, and being realistic about your commitment.  And, if you’re motivated to start a new fitness program, let Teton Therapy’s free 30 minute consultation get you started.  We can help you resolve the pain or old injuries that can keep you from being one of the 9%.  Call any of our three locations throughout the state or click on the link below to schedule your free consultation today.

Teton Therapy Cheyenne WYIn Cheyenne,
604 E Carlson Ave, Suite #304
(307) 514-9999Teton Therapy Riverton
In Riverton,
1406 W Main Street
(307) 857-7074

Teton Therapy Lander
In Lander,
425 Lincoln Street
(307) 332-2230

Or on the web at

Way-Back Wednesday Asks, “What’s in a Name?”

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In the middle of 1983 singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist Joe Walsh released his sixth studio album entitled, “You Bought It – You Name It” two years after his successful album, “There Goes the Neighborhood.” Listening to the albums back-to-back on a long drive across Wyoming makes a person contemplate some of the unique town names in The Cowboy State. And while unique town names definitely have a story – yes, even Story, Wyoming, named after Charles B. Story, a rancher who established the very first building, a post office, in the area – it seems most towns in Wyoming have pretty cool stories surrounding how they were named. 

The high-elevation town of Dubois sits at 6,946-feet and may not seem to have a terribly unique name, but it does have a fairly unique pronunciation, which is a sure-fire way to tell those who are visitors to the community from long-time residents. 

The first occupants of the mountains and valleys surrounding what is now Dubois were members of the Sheepeaters, a group of Mountain Shoshone, who included the Wind River area in their regular annual migrations from the Great Plains through the mountains of Yellowstone and beyond. The Wind River Valley surrounding Dubois contains numerous remnants of these people who lived in the area for many hundreds of years before they were relocated into a nearby reservation. Evidence of their existence in the mountains and valleys around Dubois include numerous prehistoric petroglyphs, hunting traps and blinds, and stone tepee circles.

With the Wind River running through the town it’s no surprise that the first Europeans to enter the area were trappers, Francois and Louis Verendrye in 1742–43. In the years to follow, the Wind River Valley was visited regularly by the Astorians and other fur trappers and hunters. The first homesteaders arrived in the late 1870s.

In 1890, the year Wyoming attained statehood, Robert LeRoy Parker, better known as Butch Cassidy, owned and managed a ranch on the outskirts of Dubois. 

Charles Moore built the first of many dude ranches in the area, Ramshorn Ranch and Camp Yellowstone, at the mouth of the DuNoir Creek west of Dubois in 1907.

The original residents of Dubois, Wyoming wanted to name the town Tibo, after the Shoshone-language word for “stranger” or “white man,” which was the Natives’ affectionate name for their beloved Episcopal priest and missionary, Father John Roberts. St. Thomas Episcopal Church was founded in 1910 by Reverend John Roberts, an Episcopal missionary who served the Native American tribes on the Wind River. However, the postal service wasn’t happy with the name Tibo, deemed it ‘unacceptable’ and bestowed the town with the name Dubois after Fred Dubois who was an Idaho senator at the time. 

A Wyoming town named for an Idaho Senator made no sense to residents, so in protest, the citizens of Dubois rejected the French pronunciation, instead opting for Du, with u as in “Sue”; bois, with oi as in “voice” with the accent placed on the first syllable.

By 1913 the town expanded with the addition of a hotel, a bar, and a general store, anticipating the arrival of Scandinavian lumber workers brought there by the Wyoming Tie and Timber Company the following year. In the landscape surrounding Dubois are visible the remains of many wood flumes constructed by the tie hacks who provided the railroad ties that helped to develop the American West. These Scandinavian immigrants cut logs into ties and sent these via the flumes to the Wind River where they floated to Riverton, about 70 miles east, for processing.

The Dubois Museum has preserved and interpreted the natural and social history of the Upper Wind River Valley. Dubois is also home to the National Bighorn Sheep Interpretive Center which focuses on public education about the biology and habitat of Rocky Mountain Bighorn Sheep. 

The town is on U.S. Route 26, is the beginning of the Wyoming Centennial Scenic Byway and is breathtaking  where the U.S. Route 26 crosses the Continental Divide on Togwotee Pass.

Immense beauty doesn’t insulate from sorrow and sadness; the body of Marine PFC Chance Phelps was taken to his parents’ home in Dubois after his death in Iraq in 2004. The story is featured in the HBO film Taking Chance.

Tragedy struck the Town of Dubois on December 30, 2014, when several businesses burned to the ground in the downtown area. The air temperatures at the time of the blaze were hovering near -35 °F with wind chills in the range -50 °F. The brutal weather left firefighters to cope with freezing equipment and gear throughout the night to get the fire under control. The blaze was ruled accidental and inspectors reported that the origin of the fire appeared to be inside the rear of the “Main Street Mart” building in the attic above a wood stove. It’s said the fire was most likely caused by charring that resulted from the chimney coming into contact with building materials. Approximately half a block of Downtown Dubois was destroyed by the fire. 

The geology of the area surrounding Dubois is very unique not only in Wyoming but in the world for featuring examples of all three major mountain-building forces – tectonic, volcanic, and glacial – in nearly the same view. This is described in detail in the nonfiction book Rising from the Plains by science writer John McPhee.

Much of the videogame, ‘Firewatch’ takes place in the region surrounding Dubois. Players will notice it is mentioned on signposts within the game.

The National Museum of Military Vehicles is located a short distance from the town on U.S. Highway 26. Established in 2020, the 140,000-square-foot museum was founded by Dan and Cynthia Starks and built between May 2017 and August 2020.

This page from Wyoming’s rich history has been presented by Mick Pryor, Edward Jones Financial Advisor. While we can’t change the past, a financial strategy for the future can be planned. If you have questions, concerns or are simply looking for a friendly advisor to discover your goals, discuss strategy and look to your financial future, contact Mick Pryor today.

SPONSORED CONTENT: PBR’s Pendelton Whisky Velocity Tour Bucks Back to Casper for 4th Time in History on April 2 

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Tickets for the PBR Casper Invitational on sale Monday, January 24 at 10:00 a.m. MST 

Casper, Wyo. (January 17, 2022) – For the fourth time in history, PBR’s (Professional Bull Riders) Pendleton Whisky Velocity Tour will buck into Casper, Wyoming, returning to the Ford Wyoming Center on April 2, 2022 with the PBR Casper Invitational.  

For one night only, some of the best bull riders in the world will battle the sport’s rankest bovine athletes in the ultimate showdown of man vs. beast in one of the most exciting live sporting events to witness.  

PBR’s Pendleton Whisky Velocity Tour last travelled to Casper in 2020, holding a quartet of events to conclude the regular season.  

As action got underway inside the Ford Wyoming Center veteran rider Wallace Vieira de Oliveira (Goiania, Brazil) delivered a dominant 2-for-2 performance to win the first event in Casper, collecting a critical 38 world points. The victory was crucial in Oliveira’s march to his third career PBR World Finals qualification, propelling him from No. 63 to No. 45 in the world standings. 

Young gun Kyler Oliver (Roy, Utah) achieved an important career milestone on the second night of action in the Cowboy State, riding to his first-ever victory on the PBR’s expansion series. Oliver’s win, which elevated him from No. 87 to No. 56 in the world standings, was also key to helping him reach the year-end World Finals.  

After Brazilian rookie Andre da Cruz de Souza topped the field during the third iteration of the PBR Casper Invitation in 2020, 11-time PBR World Finals qualifier Valdiron de Oliveira (Balcimo, Brazil) delivered a flawless 2-for-2 performance to capture his first event victory since August 2016 at the final Velocity Tour event in Casper.  

Other past PBR Casper Invitational event winners include: Allisson de Souza (2018 – Taubate, Brazil) and Keyshawn Whitehorse (2019 – McCracken Springs, Utah).  

The PBR’s return to Casper comes on the spurs of one of the fiercest races for the Pendleton Whisky Velocity Tour in history.  

While Michael Lane (Tazewell, Virginia) held the No. 1 position in the standings the majority of the season, he was surpassed during the last out of the year as Adriano Salgado (Batatais, Brazil) used a runner-up finish at the Pendleton Whisky Velocity Tour Finals to surge to the top ranking in the standings.  

The Brazilian newcomer Salgado finished a slim 26.5 points ahead of No. 2 Lane, who was unable to compete at the year-end event due to injury.  

The Casper tour stop will tentatively mark the 22nd Pendleton Whisky Velocity Tour event of the year, with PBR’s fastest-growing tour first stopping in cities including Portland, Oregon; Grand Rapids, Michigan; Jacksonville, Florida; and North Charleston, South Carolina.  

The bull riding action for the 2022 PBR Casper Invitational begins at 7:00 p.m. MST on Saturday, April 2 at the Ford Wyoming Center.  

On Saturday evening, all 40 competing riders will attempt one bull each in Round 1. Following the opening round, the Top 10 will then advance to the championship round where they will attempt one final bull, all in an effort to be crowned the event champion.  

Tickets for the one-day event go on sale Monday, January 24 at 10:00 a.m. MST, and start at $15, taxes and fees not included. Fans are encouraged to purchase their tickets early, with all price levels increasing $5 on event day.  

Tickets can be purchased online at and, at the Ford Wyoming Center Box Office, or by calling PBR customer service at 1-800-732-1727. Tickets will be available online only until Wednesday, January 26 at 10:00 a.m. MST.  

PBR Elite Seats are available for $175 for avid fans who want an exclusive VIP experience while enjoying the world’s top bull riding circuit. These tickets offer the best seats in the venue, a question-and-answer presentation with some of the top bull riders and stock contractors in the world, $10 concession voucher, souvenir credential and lanyard, and pre-event photo opportunity from the dirt.  

For an enhanced PBR experience, fans can purchase add-on PBR Premium Experiences which will include the Elite Experience on Saturday, April 2.  

The Elite Experience, available for $50, will include a Q&A session with a select group of the league’s top riders, bullfighters and stock contractors, photo opportunity, and commemorative credential and lanyard. 

About the PBR (Professional Bull Riders) Pendleton Whisky Velocity Tour: 

The PBR’s Pendleton Whisky Velocity Tour (PWVT) began in 2014 as the premier expansion tour for the PBR. The Velocity Tour, the sport’s fastest-growing tour, brings the excitement and top-levels of cowboy and bovine talent that fans have come to expect from the sport to cities across the United States. The PWVT is proudly supported by Pendleton Whisky, the United States Border Patrol, Boot Barn, Cody James Boots, Tractor Supply, Nexgrill, Cooper Tires, USCCA, Union Home Mortgage, TicketSmarter, Kubota, TAAT, TRW Aftermarket Auto Parts and Audacious Wreck Relief. Every Velocity Tour event is carried on PBR RIDEPASS on Pluto TV, Channel 720. 

Kindness Ranch: Pet of the Week

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Meet Sequoia, a 2-year-boisterous beagle.

The fact that Sequoia was used in a lab for the first two years of his life has not slowed him down much. He loves to explore and a  fenced yard is a must for this boy.

He loves to tell you all about his day with his very typical Beagle “Awwoooo!”

He would do well in a home with an active family that takes lots of walks and other outdoor activities.

The cost to adopt Sequoia is $150, but if you mention seeing him on Cowboy State Daily, you can take $50 off.

Therapy Thursday: Teton Therapy’s Staff Are Working, Playing Hard

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“1, 2, 1, 1, 2….”  the coach calls out punches to the boxer.  

He changes combos as the fighter becomes more proficient with the moves.  “Let’s start in on some footwork,” and the group of amateur boxers weave in and out of a circle of tape on the floor. 

“Shuffle!  Don’t cross your feet!  Make sure you’re leading with your left!”

But this is no boxing gym.  This is Teton Therapy’s Lander, WY clinic.  And for Hawk Cain, a Therapy Technician, this is just another day on the job.  An amateur boxer with more than three years’ experience, Cain was tapped to lead Teton Therapy’s Power Punch Parkinsons classes.  The program is a joint venture with the Wind River Parkinson’s Group and the Parkinsons Association of the Rockies.  Boxing is an ideal activity for Parkinsons sufferers as studies have found that the large-motor movements of the sport help fight the debilitating effects of the disease. 

When the program was first proposed to the staff at Teton Therapy, Cain was the ideal candidate to coach the would-be boxers. 

“Hawk’s way with our patients, and his enthusiasm for the sport were a perfect fit for Power Punch Parkinsons at Teton Therapy.  We knew he would be ideal to lead the class,” says CEO and Occupational Therapist Jeff McMenamy.  And, says Cain “I’m always up for a challenge.”

But Cain isn’t the only Teton Therapy staff member to get company support in pursuing personal interests.  Shea Boyle, a Physical Therapy Assistant, also in the Lander clinic, has been following her passion as a high school diving coach for the past 17 years.  “I love coaching.  I love the process.  Watching a kid learn a skill that is completely different from normal daily life, working on that skill, overcoming fears, improving, and reaching their goals”

Teton Therapy’s support of Boyle’s activity made the difference for her: A previous employer “didn’t want us working any jobs outside of [Physical Therapy].  It was frustrating and annoying that she didn’t see the benefits to the community and to the individual.”  And Boyle’s ability to continue coaching full-time has benefitted the Tigers dive team as well.   The Lander boys have been 3A state champions for the past 25 years.  Says Boyle, “I have been grateful that I can continue coaching, working and enjoying life!”    

Teton Therapy believes that taking care of their patients can only happen if their employees are happy and thriving.  With locations in Riverton, Lander, and Cheyenne, the staff works hard, but are able to play hard in some of the most beautiful areas of the state.  “We work together as a team to accommodate the needs and wants of employees, to the best of our abilities.” Says Kimberly Shelley, Teton Therapy’s Riverton-based V.P. of Administration.  And, indeed, the company boasts a high employee retention rate with very few employees leaving due to job dissatisfaction.  According to internal records, 20% of the current staff have been with Teton Therapy for about 10 years or more.

If you or someone you know would be a good fit for this growing business – if you thrive on challenge, growth, opportunity, and serving others – Teton Therapy wants to hear from you.  Their three locations are currently accepting applications for all positions.  Send applications to

And, as always, if pain or injury are keeping you from living your life to the fullest, contact Teton Therapy for a free 30 minute consultation.

Teton Therapy Cheyenne WYIn Cheyenne,
604 E Carlson Ave, Suite #304
(307) 514-9999

Teton Therapy Riverton
In Riverton,
1406 W Main Street
(307) 857-7074

Teton Therapy Lander
In Lander,
425 Lincoln Street
(307) 332-2230

Or on the web at

Way-Back Wednesday: Origin of Wyoming’s Name, Territorial and State Legislatures

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Winter in Wyoming brings to mind frigid temperatures, blowing and drifting snow along with multiple road closures. It’s also the time of year when duly elected senators and representatives from each of Wyoming’s 23 counties travel to Cheyenne as a new legislative session convenes.

The Wyoming State Legislature began like other Western states, first as a territorial legislature, with nearly all of the parliamentary regulations that guide other fully-fledged state legislatures.

Have you ever wondered why and how Wyoming was named? The musical name, “Wyoming,” was used by J.M. Ashley of Ohio, who, as early as 1865, introduced a bill to Congress to provide a “temporary government for the territory of Wyoming.” The bill was referred to committee until 1868. During a debate at that time in the U.S. Senate, with other possible names suggested, such as Cheyenne, Shoshoni, Arapaho, Sioux, Platte, Big Horn, Yellowstone, Sweetwater and Lincoln. However, “Wyoming” was already commonly used and remained the popular choice in Congress.

The state name itself, Wyoming, is Indian though not western in origin. It is usually said that Wyoming came from eastern Pennsylvania, from a Delaware word, Waumic, or Muchu-waumic, meaning “end of plains” and that congressional irritation over the prolonged debate on a name for the new territory arbitrarily assigned this eastern word to a western state. The word has had many spellings, such as Wauwaumie, Wiwaume, Wiomie, until it reached Wyoming. The name was first used by whites as the name for a valley in Pennsylvania where a portion of the Delaware tribe of Indians lived. Calwallader Colden in his history of the “Five Nations” spelled it Wyomen. 

Former Wyoming State Historian A. J. Mokler had convincingly argued that the Delaware Indians, when they traveled westward first to Ohio, then to Kansas, carried the name with them. Mokler contends the name was well known both to Indians and to western men as applied to the upper Platte river country to the mountains, or ‘end of the plains.’

The first Union Pacific locomotive to arrive in Cheyenne was this small work engine, 1867. The U.P. has played a big role in the city’s politics, economy and culture ever since. Wyoming State Archives.

In November 1867 the first train of the Union Pacific Railroad reached Cheyenne and made the state accessible to settlers and visitors. Cheyenne grew from a handful of people to more than 6,000 in the first year, though the town consisted largely of tents and shacks, with a limited number of commercial buildings. This rapid population growth continued in southern Wyoming as the Union Pacific tracks continued across the state, finally entering Utah in 1868. The building of the railroad focused attention on the West, and the Wyoming Territory was created in 1868.

On July 25, 1868, the United States Congress approved the Wyoming Organic Act which created the Wyoming Territory with land from the Dakota, Utah, and Idaho territories. At the time of the territory’s formation there were four counties; Albany, Carbon, Carter, and Laramie counties. 

16th Street, Cheyenne, 1869, photo by A. J. Russell

The first Wyoming Territorial Legislature was a meeting that lasted from October 12 to December 10, 1869. This was the first meeting of the territorial legislature following the creation of the Wyoming Territory by the United States Congress.

During its territorial era, the Wyoming Legislature played a crucial role in the Suffragette Movement in the United States. In 1869, just four years after the American Civil War, and some 35 years before women’s suffrage became a highly visible political issue, the Wyoming Legislature granted all women above the age of 21 the right to vote. The legislature’s move made Wyoming the first territory of the United States where women were explicitly granted the voting franchise. News spread quickly to other neighboring territories and states. By 1870 the Utah Territorial Legislature followed suit and granted the voting franchise to women.

The move by the legislature was motivated by a number of factors, including bringing Eastern women to the territory to increase the population which was required for statehood. Wyoming’s population has consistently been among the least-populated in America, and the move publicized the new territory and achieved the result of bringing more voters into the territory.

Due to the territory’s change of voting laws in 1869, the U.S. Congress was hostile to Wyoming and its legislature. During proceedings to make Wyoming a U.S. state in 1889 and 1890 in writing a new constitution that would continue female suffrage, Congress threatened to withhold statehood unless women’s suffrage was abolished.

By S. Allan Bristol –, Public Domain,

After the Wyoming Legislature and territorial government sent a telegram back to Washington with the ultimatum that Wyoming would remain a territory rather than become a state without women’s suffrage, Congress withdrew its threat, and on July 10, 1890, President Benjamin Harrison signed into law Wyoming becoming the 44th state admitted to the Union.

The first State Legislature convened by proclamation on November 12, 1890. Interestingly, in 1890, there were actually two legislative sessions with the final (eleventh) territorial Legislative Assembly, convened January 14, 1890 and adjourned March 14, 1890.and the first State Legislature held from November 12, 1890 through January 10, 1891, including 16 members in the Senate and 33 members in the House.

The first State Legislature to convene by law was on January 10, 1893.

The First State Election and Legislative Statistics from

• The first State election was called by proclamation for September 11, 1890.

• The first State election was called by law for November 8, 1892.

• The first State Legislature convened by proclamation on November 12, 1890.

• The first State Legislature to convene by law was on January 10, 1893.

• In 1890, there were two legislative sessions held. The Eleventh, which was the last Territorial Legislative Assembly, convened January 14, 1890 and adjourned March 14, 1890. The first State Legislature convened November 12, 1890 and adjourned January 10, 1891.

• The Wyoming State Constitution was debated and drafted in the Capitol’s restored two-story room on the north side of the building off of the Rotunda on the second and third floors. This space also housed the Territorial Assembly and Wyoming Supreme Court in the past.

• Under the provisions of the new Wyoming Constitution, the legislative authority was vested in the State Legislature, which consists of a Senate and a House of Representatives.

• Members of both houses were elected by the qualified voters of the State every two years. Their terms began on the first Monday of January following the general election. Both the number of senators and the number of representatives are apportioned by the State Legislature among the several counties or legislative districts of the State according to the number of inhabitants in each.

• No member of the Legislature, during the term for which he is elected, can be appointed to any civil office under the State, and no person holding an office under the United States or this State, can be a member of either house during his continuance in office.

• When vacancies occur in either house they are filled for the remainder of the term by special election called by proclamation of the governor.

The Wyoming Legislature is a 90-member citizen legislature, meaning the members elected serve part-time and this is typically not the members’ primary occupation. Wyoming remains one of the few states that have a true part-time citizen legislature. 

While the part-time nature of the institution allows members to stay in close contact with their constituents, it also means that they do not enjoy the same accommodations provided to full-time legislators in larger states, such as personal staff.

After every general election in even-numbered years, legislators hold party caucuses to elect legislative leadership for each party for the upcoming biennium (two-year period). Leadership elected in the caucuses includes the President, Vice President, Majority Floor Leader, Minority Floor Leader, Minority Whip and Minority Caucus Chairman in the Senate and the Speaker of the House, Speaker Pro Tempore, Majority Floor Leader, Majority Whip, Minority Floor Leader, Minority Whip and Minority Caucus Chairman in the House. These members of leadership begin serving in January after the general election.

A legislative committee, called the Management Council, serves as the leadership of the Legislature and serves as the administrative arm of the legislative branch of state government and the policymaking body when the Legislature is not in session. The Management Council consists of 13 members representing both parties and consists primarily of legislators in the leadership positions. The Management Council appoints the director of the Legislative Service Office (LSO) and approves staff hired by the director, while the President of the Senate and Speaker of the House each hire temporary staff for their respective bodies during legislative sessions.

In Wyoming, citizens are encouraged to engage with their legislators. Committee information is available online as is information for the upcoming legislative session that will convene on February 14. 

If you would like to find your local legislators, view schedules and find out more about visiting Capitol Squareattending committee meetingsattending the upcoming legislative session in person or viewing live streams online, visit

This page from Wyoming’s rich history has been presented by Mick Pryor, Edward Jones Financial Advisor. While we can’t change the past, a financial strategy for the future can be planned. If you have questions, concerns or are simply looking for a friendly advisor to discover your goals, discuss strategy and look to your financial future, contact Mick Pryor today.

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